Shiva statue by the Ganges, across Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar
Famous places for shopping is Bara Bazar, Moti Bazar, Upper Road, Ranipur Mor, Jwalapur. Tourists usually buy items of devotion and inexpensive ornaments. There are large number of shops throughout Haridwar where one can buy devotional items ranging from Rudraksha ornaments, Religious pictures and deity statues to music Dharamshala in Haridwar cassettes of Dharamshalas in Haridwar with Phone Number remixed devotional songs and bhajans. Dharamshalas in Haridwar Garments are other major shopping attraction for locals.
Sapta Rishi Ashram and Sapta Sarovar
A picturesque place near Haridwar, where seven great sages or Saptarishis, namely Kashyapa, Vashishtha, Atri, Vishwamitra, Jamadagni, Bharadwaja and Gautama, said to have meditated. The Ganges split herself into seven List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar currents at this place so that the Rishis would not be disturbed by the flow.
Situated in Harihar Ashram, Kankhal. Parad Shivalinga (Mercury Shivalinga) weighing about 150 kg and Rudraksha tree are the main attractions here.
Situated in Shravan Nath Nagar of the town Best Dharamshalas in Haridwar near railway station, this is the main ashram of Ramanand Sampraday in Haridwar. Mahant Bhagwan Das is the chief of this ashram.
Anandamayi Maa Ashram
Situated in Kankhal, one of five sub-cities of Haridwar, the ashram houses the samadhi shrine of Sri Anandamoyi Ma (1896–1982), a noted saint of India.
Main Building of Pantanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar
Shantikunj is the headquarters of famous spiritual and social organisation All World Gayatri Pariwar (AWGP) established by Pandit Shriram Sharma Acharya. It is located at a distance of 6 kilometers from Haridwar railway station towards Rishikesh/Dehradun on NH58. At the bank of the holy Ganges and between the Shivalik ranges of the Himalayas, it is also a place of attraction for Dharamshalas in Haridwar tourists as well as seekers of spiritual guidance.
Patanjali Yogpeeth (Trust)
Patanjali Yogpeeth is situated in Haridwar-Delhi Highway. This is a yoga institution and research center of Swami Ramdev. Every day thousands of people come here for yoga and other purposes.
Gurukul Kangri University
Situated in Kankhal, at the banks of the river Ganges, Gurukul Kangri University is one of the oldest Universities of India, it was founded in 1902 by Swami Shraddhananda (1856–1926), according to the tenets of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj. It has also been visited by British Trade Union leader Charles Freer Andrews and British prime minister, Ramsay MacDonald, to study the unique Gurukul based education system. Here Ancient Vedic and Sanskrit literature, Ayurveda, Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Railway Station Philosophy are part of the curriculum besides Modern Sciences and Journalism. Its 'Archaeological Museum', (estb. 1945) houses some rare List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar statues, coins, paintings, manuscripts and artefacts, Dharamshalas in Haridwar starting from Dharamshalas in Haridwar with Phone Number Harappa culture (c.2500–1500 BC). Mahatma Gandhi visited the campus three times, and stayed in its sprawling and serene campus for extended periods of time, most Dharamshalas in Haridwar India notably during the 1915 Kumbh mela, followed by a visit in 1916, when on 20 March, he spoke at Gurukul Anniversary.
Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya
Established in 2002 by the act of the Uttarakhand Government is a fully residential university. Run by Shri Vedmata Gayatri Trust, Shantikunj, Haridwar (headquarters of All World Gayatri Pariwar), it provides various degree, diploma and certificate courses in areas like Yogic Science, Alternative Therapy, Indian Culture, Tourism, Rural Management, Theology, Spiritual Counseling etc. It also provides courses through distance learning.
Uttarakhand Sanskrit University
Set up by Government of Uttarakhand is the university dedicated to studies of ancient Sanskrit scriptures, books. Also has curriculum covering ancient Hindu rituals, culture and tradition, and boasts of a building inspired by ancient Hindu architecture style.
Chinmaya Degree College
Situated in Shivalik Nagar, 10 km from Haridwar city. one of the science colleges in Haridwar.
The Hans Foundation Eye Care
The Hans Foundation Eye Care is situated near Bahadrabad is one of the top hospitals for eye care. Proposed to be 100 bedded hospital facility, it is a super specialty hospital. It provides MLOP training program. The Hans Dharamshalas in Haridwar Foundation Hospitals is making it a center of research and study hub for eye care.
State Ayurvedic College & Hospital, Rishikul
Campion School ICSE
Angels' Academy Senior Secondary School- Baharabad
Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School Sector - 1 BHEL
Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School Sector - 5 BHEL
Bal Bharti Senior Secondary School Sector - 4 BHEL
Gyan Deep School Sector - 4 BHEL
Bal Bhawan Sector - 1 BHEL
St. Mary's Senior Secondary School
Bhagirathi Vidyalaya Senior Secondary CBSE School, Haripurkalan
Delhi Public School, Haridwar
D.A.V. Centenary Public School
Kendriya Vidyalaya, B.H.E.L. Haridwar
Pannalal Bhalla Municipal Inter College Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Railway Station, Dharamshalas in Haridwar with Tariff, Dharamshalas in Haridwar with Rates, Cost of Dharamshalas in Haridwar
Arya Inter College
Holy Ganges Public School
School of Computer Education, B.H.E.L. Haridwar
Gayatri Vidyapeeth Dharamshala in Haridwar
Whizzkid International School.
Bal Mandir Senior Secondary School Sector - 1 BHEL
The Wisdom Global School, Jwalapur
Swami Hariharanand Public School,Kankhal
Important areas within the city
B.H.E.L., Ranipur Township The campus of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, a Maharatna Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) is spread across an area of 12 km². The main factory consists of two divisions: the Heavy Electricals Equipment Plant (HEEP), and the Central Foundry Forge Plant (CFFP). Together they employ over 8000 skilled employees. The campus is divided into six sectors Dharamshalas in Haridwar providing excellent residential, schooling and medical facilities.
Bahadrabad – 7 km. It is located on the Haridwar–Delhi National Highway at a distance of 7 km from Haridwar. Close by, in village Pathri, lies the Bhimgoda Barrage built on the Upper Ganges Canal in 1955. It also has a block development office responsible for many developed villages (e.g. Khedli, Kisanpur Rohalki, Atmalpur Bongla, Sitapur, Alipur, Salempur).
SIDCUL – 5 km. A massive industrial area, spread over 2034 acres, developed by State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand (SIDCUL), a state government body. With the List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar arrival of big enterprises like Hindustan Unilever Limited, Dabur, Mahindra & Mahindra, Havells and Kirby, SIDCUL is set to develop into another industrial township within the city. 3 km away from the Delhi-Hardwar National Highway, SIDCUL lies adjacent to the BHEL Township, an important Public Sector township.
Jwalapur An old part of the city, Jwalapur is the financial and industrial capital of the city, and now an important trading and shopping centre for the locals. The town dates back to 1700 AD. This town was called Mohammed pura and Dharamshalas in Haridwar ruled by a local Muslim ruler. In early 1600s the family of Sisodias from Mewar, Dharamshala in Haridwar descendants of Rana Pratap, fleeing from the Mughal invasion, came to settle on the outskirts of Haridwar. The families lived quietly for almost a generation to Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Railway Station, Dharamshalas in Haridwar with Tariff, Dharamshalas in Haridwar with Rates, Cost of Dharamshalas in Haridwar avoid detection. Local people renamed their Dharamshalas in Haridwar India surname to Mehta. It is firmly believed that in early 1700 the Mehtas dislodged the Muslim ruler and renamed the town as Jwalapur. This family subsequently settled in Jwalapur itself and intermarried with the local population.
Cheela Dam A good picnic spot with a dam and a man-made lake nearby. Elephants and other wild animals may be spotted.
Shivalik Nagar One of the newest and biggest residential areas of Haridwar. It is divided into various clusters. It was originally developed as a residential colony for BHEL employees, but with the advent of SIDCUL, population and financial activity has grown rapidly in the area due to its proximity.
Milestone en route Haridwar
Haridwar Railway station
Haridwar is headquarters of Haridwar district and it has good connectivity with the other towns of the district and the state.
National Highway 58, between Delhi and Mana Pass passes through Haridwar connecting it with Ghaziabad, Meerut, Muzzafarnagar, Roorkee and Badrinath and National Highway 74 originating from Haridwar connects it with Kashipur, Kichha, Nagina, Pilibhit and Bareilly.
The Haridwar Railway Station located in Haridwar is under the control of the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct links the major cities of India such as Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Patna, Gaya, Varanasi, Bhubaneswar, Puri, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram and major cities of Central India namely Bhopal, Gwalior and Nagpur.
The nearest domestic airport is Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun Dharamshalas in Haridwar which is a located 35 km from Haridwar. Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi is the nearest International Airport.
Haridwar is rapidly developing as an important industrial township of Dharamshalas in Haridwar India Uttarakhand since the state government agency, SIDCUL established in 2002, set up the Integrated Industrial Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Railway Station, Dharamshalas in Haridwar with Tariff, Dharamshalas in Haridwar with Rates, Cost of Dharamshalas in Haridwar Estate in a district attracting many important industrial houses which are setting up manufacturing facilities in the area.
Haridwar has a thriving industrial area situated at the bypass road, comprising Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Railway Station mainly ancillary units to PSU, BHEL, which was established here in 1964 and currently employs over 8000 people.
Portal icon Hinduism portal
Haridwar Kumbh Mela
Gateway to the Gods: Haridwar-Rishikesh. Rupinder Khullar, Reeta Khullar. 2004, UBS Publishers. ISBN 81-7476-460-7.
Hardwar Mela From the Caves and Jungles of Hindostan (1879–80), by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831–1891).
Report, by Archaeological Survey of India, Alexander Cunningham. Published by Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, 1871. Chapt 30: Haridwar or Gangadwara, p. 231–236.
Chapter XVII: Himalayas, Hardwar. India, Past and Present, by Charles Harcourt Ainslie Forbes-Lindsay. Published by J.C. Winston, 1903. Page 295.
^ Jump up to: a b "haridwar City Polulation Census of India, 2011". Office of the Registrar General, India. 2 March 2002. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
^ Jump up to: a b About Haridwar sahajaharidwar.
Jump up ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 178.
Jump up ^ Gangadwára, the place where the Ganges descends to the plains ... Sacrifice to Daksha (From the Vayu Purana.) The Vishnu Purana, translated by Horace Hayman Wilson, 1840. p. 62, 62:2.
Jump up ^ The Hindu temple, Volume 1 By Stella Kramrisch, Raymond Burnier p.3
^ Jump up to: a b Places of peace and power sacred sites.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Hardwar The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 13, p. 52. Cite error: Invalid
[ tag; name "gaze" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
^ Jump up to: a b Haridwar History Haridwar Official website.
Jump up ^ Yudhishthira The Mahabharata, translated by Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Railway Station Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883 -1896), Book 3: Vana Parva: Tirthayatra Parva: Section XC, p 204.
Jump up ^ Historical, Cultural and Social Perspectives Chapter 3, The Cultural Dimension of Ecology, Baidyanath Saraswati, 1998, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. ISBN 81-246-0102-X. ignca.nic.in. Vanaparva (The Book of the Forest) is third parva, book of Mahabharata.
Jump up ^ Lopamudra The Mahabharata, translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883 -1896), Book 3: Vana Parva: Tirthayatra Parva: Section XCVII.
Jump up ^ Story of Bhagirata
Jump up ^ Hardwar, About City
Jump up ^ Kumbh Mela Channel 4.
Jump up ^ Digital Library The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Oxford, 1908, Vol.13, p.51.
Jump up ^ History The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 570.
Jump up ^ Guru Nanak (for Children) – A New Way of Teaching
Jump up ^ Life Of Guru Nanak: Chapter IV The Sikh Religion, Volume 1, by Max Arthur Macauliffe (1842–1913), Oxford University Press (1909). page 50-52.
^ Jump up to: a b Janasakhi Janamsakhis of Miharban and Mani Singh, Janamsakhi List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar Tradition, Dr. Kirpal Singh, 2004, Punjabi University, Patiala. ISBN 81-7205-311-8. www.globalsikhstudies.net.
Jump up ^ Sacred Places of Pilgrimage Ain-e-Akbari, Vol. III, p. 306.
Jump up ^ Hardwar Ain-e-Akbari, by Abul Fazl 'Allami, Volume I, A´I´N 22. The A´bda´r Kha´nah. P 55. Translated from the original Persian, by Heinrich Blochmann and Colonel Henry Sullivan Jarrett, Asiatic Society of Bengal. Calcutta, 1873–1907. “His Majesty calls this source of life “the water of immortality,” and has committed the care of this department to proper persons.... Both at home and on travels, he drinks Ganges water.”
Jump up ^ Upper Ganges Canal The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 12, p. 138.
Jump up ^ Trade and Communications The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 21, p. 375.
Jump up ^ History The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 13, p. 53.
^ Jump up to: a b City Development Plan: Haridwar Urban Dharamshalas in Haridwar India Development Department, Government of Uttarakhand. p.20.
Jump up ^ New District Haridwar, www.gmvnl.com.
Jump up ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
Jump up ^ Haridwar History
Jump up ^ 
Jump up ^ Piran Kaliyar Times of India, 13 March 2003.
Jump up ^ Kumbh Mela 1915 The Story of My Experiments with Truth/Part V/Lakshman Jhula.
Jump up ^ Chronology of Mahatma Gandhi's life/India 1916 Wiki Source.
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The Holy City of Haridwar
Har ki Pauri, Haridwar at evening
Har ki Pauri, Haridwar at evening
Haridwar is located in Uttarakhand HaridwarHaridwar
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Coordinates: 29.956°N 78.17°ECoordinates: 29.956°N 78.17°E
District Haridwar district
• City 12.3 km2 (4.7 sq mi)
Elevation 314 m (1,030 ft)
• Metro 310,562
• Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 01334
Vehicle registration UK 08
Sex ratio 1.18 ?/?
Haridwar (Pron:'h?r??dw?:) About this sound pronunciation (help·info) also spelled Hardwar is an ancient city and municipality in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India. The River Ganga, after flowing for 253 kilometres (157 mi) from its source at Gaumukh at the edge of the Gangotri Glacier, enters the Indo-Gangetic Plains of North India for the first time at Haridwar, which gave the city its ancient name, Gangadwára.
Haridwar is regarded as one of the seven Dharamshalas in Haridwar holiest places (Sapta Puri) to Hindus. According to the Samudra manthan, Haridwar along with Ujjain, Nashik and Prayag (Allahabad) is one of four sites where drops of Amrit, the elixir of immortality, accidentally spilled over from the pitcher while being carried by the celestial bird Garuda. This is Dharamshalas in Haridwar India manifested in the Kumbha Mela, which is Dharamshala in Haridwar celebrated every 12 years in Haridwar. During the Haridwar Kumbh Mela, Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Ganga Ghat millions of pilgrims, devotees, and tourists congregate in Haridwar to perform ritualistic bathing on the banks of the river Ganges to wash away their sins to attain Moksha. Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Har ki Pauri Brahma Kund, the spot where the Amrit fell, is located at Har ki Pauri (literally, "footsteps of the Lord") and is considered to be the most sacred ghat of Haridwar.
Haridwar is the headquarters and the largest city of the district. Today, the city is developing beyond its religious importance, with the fast developing industrial estate of State Industrial Development Corporation of Dharamshalas in Haridwar Uttarakhand (SIDCUL), and the close by township of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited in Ranipur, Dharamshala in Haridwar Uttarakhand as well as its affiliated ancillaries.
2 Seven holy places
4 Geography and climate
6 Hindu genealogy registers at Haridwar
8 Places of interest
8.1 Chandi Devi Temple
8.2 Mansa Devi Temple
8.3 Maya Devi Temple
8.5 Piran Kaliyar
8.6 Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar
8.7 Bhimgoda Tank Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Ganga Ghat
8.8 Dudhadhari Barfani Temple
8.9 Sureshvari Devi Temple
8.10 Pawan Dham
8.11 Bharat Mata Mandir
8.13 Sapta Rishi Ashram and Sapta Sarovar
8.14 Parad Shivling
8.15 Ramanand Ashram Dharamshala in Haridwar
8.16 Anandamayi Maa Ashram
8.18 Patanjali Yogpeeth (Trust)
9 Educational institutions
9.1 Gurukul Kangri University
9.2 Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya
9.3 Uttarakhand Sanskrit University
9.4 Chinmaya Degree College
9.5 The Hans Foundation Eye Care
9.6 State Ayurvedic College & Hospital, Rishikul
9.7 Other schools
10 Important areas within the city
11 Transport Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Har ki Pauri
13 See also
14 Further reading
16 External links
Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar
The name of the town has two spellings: Hardwar and Haridwar. Each of these names has its own connotation.
In Sanskrit, Hara means "Lord Shiva" and Dwara means "gate" or "gateway". Hence, Hardwar stands for "Gateway to Lord Shiva". Hardwar has been a typical place to start a pilgrim's journey in Dharamshala in Haridwar order to reach Mount Kailash, the eternal abode of Lord Shiva, Kedarnath, the northernmost Jyotirlinga and one of the sites of the smaller Char Dham pilgrimage circuit and Gaumukh, the source of Dharamshalas in Haridwar River Ganga. Har ki Pauri or footsteps of Lord Shiva is considered the most sacred site in Hardwar.
On the other hand, Hari means "Lord Vishnu". So, Haridwar stands for " The Gateway to Lord Vishnu". In order to reach Badrinath, one of the four Char Dhams, with a temple of Lord Vishnu, Haridwar is a typical place to start a Dharamshalas in Haridwar India pilgrim's journey. Therefore, the name Haridwar.
Haridwar is also known as the home of Devi Sati and the palace of her father Daksha. In ancient times, the town was also referred to as Gangadwára (?????????), the place where the Ganges descends to the plains.
Seven holy places
Main article: Sapta Puri
"Ayodhya Mathura Maya Kasi Kañci Avantika
Puri Dvaravati caiva saptaita mok?adayika?"– Garu?a Pura?a I XVI .14
Lit. Ayodhya, Mathura, Maya, Kasi, Kanchi, Avantika and Dwaraka are the seven holy places. 
Note the use of puranic name 'Maya' for Haridwar. As also the inter-change usage of Puri and Dwaraka.
The Garu?a Pura?a enumerates seven cities as giver of Moksha. Haridwar is said to be one of the seven most holy Hindu places (=K?etra) in India, with Varanasi usually considered the holiest. A K?etra is a sacred ground, a field of active power, a place where Moksha, final release can be obtained.
Main article: Haridwar in scriptures
Prince Bhagiratha in penance for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors.
In the scriptures, Haridwar has been variously mentioned as Kapilasthana, Gangadwara and Mayapuri. It is also an entry point to the Char Dham (the four main centres of pilgrimage in Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Har ki Pauri Uttarakhand viz, Dharamshala in Haridwar Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri), hence, Shaivaites (followers of Lord Shiva) and Vaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu) call this place Hardwar and Haridwar respectively, Dharamshalas in Haridwar India corresponding to Hara being Shiv and Hari being Vishnu.
Gangadhara, Shiva bearing the Descent of the Ganges River as Parvati and Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on. circa 1740
"O Yudhishthira, the spot where Ganga rusheth past, cleaving the foremost of mountains which is frequented by Gandharvas and Yakshas and Rakshasas and Apsaras, and inhabited by hunters, List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar and Kinnaras, is called Dharamshalas in Haridwar Gangadwara (Haridwar). O King, Sanatkumara regardeth that spot visited by Brahmarshis, as also the Tirtha Kanakhala (that is near to it), as sacred.
The Mahabharata, Vana Parva: Tirthayatra Parva: Section XC.
In the Vanaparva of the Mahabharat, where sage Dhaumya tells Yudhishthira about the tirthas of India, Gangadwar, i.e., Haridwar and Kankhal, have been referred to, the text also mentions that Agastya Rishi did Dharamshalas in Haridwar India penance here, with the help of his wife, Lopamudra (the princess of Vidharba).
Sage Kapila is said to have an ashram here giving it, its ancient name, Kapila or Kapilasthana.
The legendary King, Bhagiratha, the great-grandson of the Suryavanshi King Sagar (an ancestor of Rama), is said to have brought the river Ganges down from heaven, through years of penance in Satya Yuga, for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors from the curse of the saint Kapila, a tradition continued by thousands of devout Hindus, who brings the ashes of their departed family members, in hope of their salvation. Lord Vishnu is said to have left his footprint on the stone that is List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar set in the upper wall of Har Ki Pauri, where the Holy Ganges touches it at all times.
Haridwar came under the rule of the Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE), and later under the Kushan Empire (c. 1st–3rd centuries). Archaeological findings have proved that terra cotta culture dating between 1700 BCE and 1200 BCE existed in this region. First modern era written evidence of Haridwar is found in the accounts of a Chinese traveller, Huan Tsang, Dharamshala in Haridwar who visited India in 629 AD. during the reign of King Harshavardhan (590–647) records Haridwar as 'Mo-yu-lo', the remains of which still exist at Mayapur, a little to the south of the Dharamshalas in Haridwar India modern town. Among the ruins are a fort and three temples, decorated with broken stone sculptures, he also mentions the presence of a temple, north of Mo-yu-lo called 'Gangadwara', Gateway of the Ganges.
[[File:Head of Ganges Canal, Haridwar, 1894-1898.jpg|thumb|Head of the Ganges Canal, Haridwar, ca 1894–1898.]]
Haridwar from opposite bank of the Ganges, 1866
The city also fell to the Central Asian conqueror Timur Lang (1336–1405) on 13 January 1399.
During his visit to Haridwar, first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak (1469–1539) bathed at 'Kushawart Ghat', wherein the famous, 'watering the crops' episode took place, his visit is today commemorated by a gurudwara (Gurudwara Nanakwara), according to two Sikh Janamsakhis, this visit took place on the Baisakhi day in 1504 AD, he later also visited Kankhal en route to Kotdwara in Garhwal. Pandas of the Haridwar have been known to keep genealogy records of most of the Hindu population. Known as vahis, these Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Ganga Ghat records are Dharamshalas in Haridwar updated on each visit to the city, and are a repository of vast family trees of family in North India.
Ain-e-Akbari, written by Abul Fazal in the 16th century during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar, refers to it as Maya (Mayapur), known as Hardwar on the Ganges”, as seven sacred cities of Hindus. It further mentions it is eighteen kos (each approx. 2 km) in length, and large numbers of pilgrims assemble on the 10th of Chaitra. It also mentions that during his travels and also while at home, Mughal Emperor, Akbar drank water from the Ganges river, which he called 'the water of immortality'. Special people were List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar stationed at Sorun and later Haridwar to dispatch water, in sealed jars, to wherever he was stationed
During the Mughal period, there was mint for Akbar's copper coinage at Haridwar. It is said that Raja Man Singh of Amber, laid that foundation of the present day city of Haridwar and also renovated the ghats at Dharamshalas in Haridwar India Har Ki Pauri. After his death, his Dharamshala in Haridwar ashes are also said to have been immersed at Brahma Kund Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Har ki Pauri by Mughal emperor Akbar himself. Thomas Coryat, an English traveller, who visited the city in the reign of Emperor Jahangir (1596–1627) mentions it as 'Haridwara', the capital of Shiva.
Being one of the oldest living cities, Haridwar finds its mention in the ancient Hindu scriptures as it weaves through the life and time stretching from the period of the Buddha, to the more recent British advent. Haridwar has a rich and ancient religious and cultural heritage. It still has many old havelis and mansions bearing exquisite murals and intricate stonework.
One of the two major dams on the river Ganges, the Bhimgoda, is situated here. Built in 1840s, it diverts the waters of the Ganges to the Upper Ganges Canal, which irrigated the surrounding lands. Though this caused severe deterioration to the Ganges water flow, and is a major cause for the decay of the Ganges as an inland waterway, which till 18th century was used heavily by the ships of the East India Company, and a town as high up as Tehri, was considered a port city The headworks of the Ganges Canal system are List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar located in Haridwar. The Upper Ganges Canal was opened in 1854 after the work began in April 1842, prompted by the famine of 1837–38. The unique feature of the Dharamshalas in Haridwar India canal is the half-kilometre-long aqueduct over Solani river at Roorkee, which raises the canal 25 metres above the original river.
Haridwar as a part of the United Province, 1903
'Haridwar Union Municipality' was constituted in 1868, which included the then villages of Mayapur and Kankhal. Haridwar was first connected with railways, via Laksar, through branch line in 1886, when the Awadh and Rohilakhand Railway line was extended through Roorkee to Saharanpur, this was later extended to Dehradun in 1900.
In 1901, it had a population of 25,597 and was a part of the Roorkee tehsil, in Saharanpur district of the United Province, and remained so till the creation of Uttar Pradesh in 1947.
Haridwar has been an abode of the weary in body, mind and spirit. It has also been a centre of attraction for learning various arts, science, and culture. The city has a long-standing position as a great source of Ayurvedic medicines and herbal remedies and is home to the unique Gurukul (school of traditional education), including the Gurukul Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, which has a Dharamshalas in Haridwar vast campus, and has been providing traditional Dharamshala in Haridwar education of its own kind, since 1902. Development of Haridwar took an upturn in the 1960s, with the setting up of a temple of modern civilisation, BHEL, a 'Maharatna PSU' in 1962, which brought along not just a its own township of BHEL, Ranipur, close to the existing Ranipur village, but also a set of ancillaries in the region. The University of Roorkee, now IIT Roorkee, is one of the oldest and most prestigious Dharamshalas in Haridwar India institutes of learning in the fields of science and Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Har ki Pauri engineering.
Geography and climate
Neeldhara Bird Sanctuary at the main Ganges Canal, before Bhimgoda Barrage, also showing signs of an ancient port.
The Ganges emerges from the mountains to touch the plains. The water in the river Ganges is mostly clear and generally cold, except in the rainy season, during which soil from the upper regions flows down into it.
The river Ganges flows in a series of channels separated from each other called aits, most of which are well wooded. Other minor seasonal streams are Ranipur Rao, Pathri Rao, Ravi Rao, Harnaui Rao, Begham Nadi etc. A large part of the district is forested, and Rajaji National Park is within the bounds of the district, making it an ideal destination for wildlife and List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar adventure lovers. Rajaji is accessible through different gates; the Ramgarh Gate and Mohand Gate are within 25 km of Dehradun, while the Motichur, Ranipur and Chilla Gates are just about 9 km from Haridwar. Kunaon Gate is 6 km from Rishikesh, and Laldhang gate is 25 km from Kotdwara.
Haridwar district, covering an area of about 2360 km², is in the southwestern part of Uttarakhand state of India.
Haridwar is situated at height of 314 metres from the sea level, between Shivalik Hills in the North and Northeast and the Ganges River in the South.
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Panorama of Haridwar city from Mansa Devi Temple
Panoramic view of Har ki Pauri
Hindu genealogy registers at Haridwar
Main article: Hindu genealogy registers at Haridwar
Main bathing Ghat, at Haridwar, in 1880s.
Something that is not well known today to Indians and to those settled abroad, in an ancient custom detailed family genealogies of Hindu families for the past several generations are kept by professional Hindu Brahmins popularly known as Pandas, at the Hindu holy city of Haridwar in hand written registers passed down to them over generations by their Brahmin ancestors Dharamshalas in Haridwar which are classified according to original districts and villages of ones ancestors, with special designated Brahmin families being in charge of designated district registers, even for cases where ancestral districts and villages that have been left behind in Pakistan after Partition of India with Hindus having to migrate to India. In several cases present day decedents are now Sikhs and many maybe Muslims or even Christians. It is List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar common for one to find details of Dharamshalas in Haridwar India up to, or even more than, ones seven past generations in these genealogy Dharamshalas in Haridwar near Ganga Ghat registers kept by the Pandas of Haridwar.
For centuries when Hindu ancestors visited the holy town of Haridwar for any purpose which may have mostly been for pilgrimage purposes or/and for cremation of their dead or for immersion of ashes and bones of their kin after cremation into the waters of the holy river Ganges as required by Hindu religious custom, it has been an ancient custom to go to the Pandit who is in charge of ones family register and update the family's genealogical family tree with details of all marriages, births and deaths from ones extended joint family.
In present-day India people visiting Haridwar are dumbfounded when Pandas out of the blue solicit them to come and update their very own ancestral genealogical family tree, news travels like wildfire among the Dharamshala in Haridwar Pandas with ones family's designated Panda being quickly notified of ones visit. Nowadays with Hindu joint family system having broken down with people preferring more nuclear families, record keeping Pandits prefer visitors to Haridwar to come prepared after getting in touch with all of ones extended family and bringing Dharamshalas in Haridwar all relevant details regarding ones ancestral district and village, names of grand parents and great grand parents and marriages, births and deaths that have occurred in the extended family, even with as much details as possible of the families married into. A visiting family List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar member is required to Dharamshalas in Haridwar India personally sign the family genealogical register furnished by ones Family Panda after updating it for future family visitors and generations to see and to authenticate the updated entries, friends and other family members accompanying on the visit may also be requested to Dharamshala in Haridwar sign as witnesses. However it is preferable to visit one's family pandas List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar before immerson of ashes of one's kin as they will help properly in this rituals.
Religions in Haridwar
Distribution of religions
†Includes Sikhs (1%), Buddhists (<0.2%).
As of 2001 India census, Haridwar district now has population of 18,90,422 (2011) and before had 14,47,187 (2001)
Haridwar city has 310,562 population (2011). Males constitute 54% of the population and females, 46%. Haridwar has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 64%. In Haridwar, 12% of the population is under six years of age.
Places of interest
“ "Haridvare Kusavarte Bilvake Nila parvate
snatva Kanakhale tirthe punarjanma na vidyate"
Ganga River - Haridwar
The Clock Tower on the Malviya Dwip at Har Ki Pauri.
View of the 'Evening Aarti' at Har Ki Pauri
In Hindu traditions, the 'Panch Tirth' (Five Pilgrimages) within Haridwar, are "Gangadwar" (Har ki Pauri), Kushawart (Ghat in Kankhal), Bilwa Tirtha (Mansa Devi Temple) and Neel Parvat (Chandi Devi Temple). There are several other temples and ashrams located in and around the city. Also, alcohol and non-vegetarian food is not permitted in Haridwar.
Har Ki Pauri
Main article: Har ki Pauri
The dry river bed of the Ganga Canal.
This sacred Ghat was constructed by King Vikramaditya (1st century BC) in memory of his brother Bharthari. It is believed that Bharthari came to Haridwar and meditated on the banks of the holy Ganges. When he died, his Dharamshalas in Haridwar brother constructed a Ghat in his name, which later came to be known as Har Ki Pauri. The most sacred ghat within Har Ki Pauri is Brahmakund. The evening prayer (Aarti) at dusk offered to Goddess Ganga at Har Ki Pauri (steps of God Hara or Shiva) is an enchanting experience for any visitor. A Dharamshala in Haridwar spectacle of Dharamshalas in Haridwar India sound and colour is seen when, after the ceremony, pilgrims float Diyas (floral floats with lamps) and incense on the river, commemorating their deceased ancestors. Thousands of people from all around the world do make a point to attend this prayer on their visit to Haridwar. A majority of present ghats were largely developed in the 1800s. On the night of Dussehra or a few days before that the List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar Ganga Canal is dried in Haridwar to clean the riverbed. The water is Dharamshalas in Haridwar restored on Dewali. It is believed that on Dussera Maa Ganga goes to her father's house and returns after Bhai Duj or Bhai Phota. It is for this reason that the waters in the Ganga canal in Haridwar are partially dried on the night of Dussehra and the waters are restored on the day of Bhai Duj or Bhai Phota.
Chandi Devi Temple
Main article: Chandi Devi Temple, Haridwar
The temple is dedicated to Goddess Chandi, who sits atop the 'Neel Parvat' on the eastern bank of the river Ganges. It was constructed in 1929 A.D. by the king of Kashmir, Suchat Singh. Skanda Purana mentions a legend, in which Chanda-Munda, the Army Chief of a local Demon Kings Shumbha and Nishumbha were killed by goddess Chandi here, after which the place got the name Chandi Devi. It is believed that the main statue was established by the Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century A.D. The temple is a 3 km trek from Chandighat and can also be Dharamshalas in Haridwar reached through a ropeway.
Mansa Devi Temple
Main article: Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar
Situated at the top of Bilwa Parwat, the temple of Goddess Mansa Devi, literally meaning the Goddess who fulfills desires (Mansa), is a popular tourist destination, especially because of the cable cars, which offer a picturesque view of the entire city. The main temple houses two idols of the Goddess, one with three mouths and five arms, while the other one has eight arms.
Maya Devi Temple
Main article: Maya Devi Temple, Haridwar
Dating to the 11th century, this ancient temple of Maya Devi, the Dharamshalas in Haridwar with Phone Number Adhishthatri Devi (Patron Goddess) of Haridwar, is considered one of the Siddhapithas and is said to be the place where the Dharamshala in Haridwar heart and navel of Goddess Sati had fallen. It is one of few ancient List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar temples still standing in Haridwar, along with Narayani Shila temple and Bhairav Temple.
Das Mahavidya temple, Daksheswara Mahadev temple
Ropeway to Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar.
Bholanath Sevashram temple by the Ganges, Haridwar
Main article: Daksheswara Mahadev Temple
The ancient temple of Daksha Mahadev also known as Daksheshwar Mahadev Temple, is situated in the south Kankhal town. According to Hindu texts, King Daksha Prajapati, father of Dakshayani, Lord Shiva's first wife, performed a yagña, to which he deliberately did not invite Lord Shiva. When she arrived uninvited, he was further insulted by the king, seeing which Sati felt infuriated and self-immolated herself in the yagna kund. King Daksha was later killed by the demon Virabhadra, born out of Shiva's anger. Later the king was Dharamshala in Haridwar brought to life and Dharamshalas in Haridwar given a goat's head by Shiva. Daksha Mahadev temple is a tribute to this legend.
Sati Kund, another well-known mythological heritage worth a visit is situated in the Kankhal. Legend has it that Sati immolated herself in this kund.
Piran Kaliyar Sharif, built by Ibrahim Lodhi, a ruler of Delhi, this 'Dargah' of Hazrat Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari, a 13th-century, Sufi Saint of Chishti Order (also known as Sarkar Sabir Pak), in Kaliyar village, 7 km. from Roorkee, is visited by devotees from all over the world, during the annual 'Urs' festival, which is celebrated from 1st day of sighting the moon to 16th day of Rabi al-awwal month, in the Islamic calendar.
Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar
This Bird Sanctuary is situated on the main Ganges river, or Dharamshalas in Haridwar India Neel Dhara, at the Bhimgoda Barrage, it is a paradise for bird watchers and home to many migratory birds during the winter season.
This tank is situated at a distance of about 1 km from Har Ki Pauri. It is said that Dharamshalas in Haridwar while Pandavas were going to Himalayas through Haridwar, prince Bhima drew water from the rocks here by thrusting his knee (goda), to the very ground.
Dudhadhari Barfani Temple
Part of the ashram of Dudhadhari Barfani Baba, this temple complex in white Dharamshala in Haridwar marble is one of most beautiful temples in Haridwar, especially the temples of Rama-Sita and Hanumana.
Sureshvari Devi Temple
Haridwar from Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park
Temple of Goddess Sureshwari, situated in midst of Rajaji National Park. Serene and religious makes this temple abode of worshipers, saints etc. Located at outskirts of Haridwar in Ranipur and permission from forest rangers is List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar necessary. The location of the temple is beyond the boundary of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Haridwar.
A modern temple, made entirely of glass pieces, Pawan Dham is now a popular tourist destination. The temple complex was constructed by the effort of Swami Vedantanand Maharaj and the institute located there is growing under the leadership of Swami Sahaj Prakash Maharaj. People from Moga in Punjab have put considerable efforts and money to erect this
Bharat Mata Mandir
Main article: Bharat Mata
Bharat Mata Mandir is a multi-storey temple dedicated to Bharat Mata (Mother India). Bharat Mata Mandir was inaugurated on 15 May 1983 by Indira Gandhi on the banks of the river Ganges. It is situated adjacent to the Samanvaya Ashram, and stands eight stories tall to a height of 180 feet (55 m). Each floor depicts an era in the Indian history, from the days of Ramayana[dubious – discuss] until India's independence.
On the first floor is the statue of Bharat Mata. The second floor, Shur Mandir, Dharamshalas in Haridwar is dedicated to the well renowned heroes of India. The third floor Matri Mandir is dedicated to the achievements of India's revered women, such as Radha, Mira, Savitri, Draupadi, Ahilya, Anusuya, Maitri, Gargi etc. The great saints Dharamshala in Haridwar from various religions, including Jainism, Sikhism, and Dharamshalas in Haridwar India Buddhism are featured on the fourth floor Sant Mandir. The assembly hall with walls List of Dharamshalas in Haridwar depicting symbolic coexistence of all religions practised in India and paintings portraying history and beauty in various provinces, is situated on the fifth floor. The various forms of the Goddess Shakti can be seen on the sixth floor, whilst the seventh floor is devoted to all incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The eighth floor holds the shrine of Lord Shiva from which devotees can gain a panoramic view of Himalayas, Haridwar, and the splendour of the entire campus of Sapta Sarovar.
The temple was built under the former Shankaracharya Maha-Mandleshwar Swami Satyamitranand Giri Maharaj. Since the inception of the Swami Satyamitranand foundation in 1998, several other branches have been opened, Best Dharamshalas in Haridwar namely in Renukut, Jabalpur, Jodhpur, Indore, and Ahmedabad.